Situación sanitaria de la población refugiada en los campos de desplazados de Grecia

Autores/as

  • Verónica del Prado Sánchez Graduada en Medicina, Universidad de Alcalá https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7803-7354
  • Consuelo Giménez Pardo Secretaria Académica de la Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Alcalá (UAH)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37536/RIECS.2020.5.2.230

Palabras clave:

Grecia, Refugiado, Solicitante de asilo, Salud, Sistema sanitario, Vacunación, Población vulnerable

Resumen

Introducción: Desde 2011 nos encontramos ante una gran crisis migratoria que en Europa afecta especialmente a Grecia. La población desplazada en Grecia la constituyen: 76.099 solicitantes de asilo, 48.026 refugiados, 13.434 en situación parecida a la de los refugiados y 198 apátridas. De ellos, un 40,6% son hombres, un 23% mujeres y un 36,4% menores. La nacionalidad más prevalente es la siria, seguida de la afgana y la iraquí.

Metodología: Se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica de artículos científicos utilizando como buscador PubMed. Se utilizaron como filtros “free full text” y “5 years”. En total, se encontraron 342 artículos, que se redujeron a 41. Se buscó información introduciendo el término “Grecia” las páginas de Amnistía Internacional, Médicos Sin Fronteras, Médicos del Mundo y Unicef. Por último, se tomaron datos de ACNUR y OCDE.

Objetivos: Caracterizar los problemas sanitarios principales de la población migrante y realizar una valoración del sistema sanitario griego.

Resultados: Se determinan como más prevalentes las patologías relacionadas con hipotermia, infecciones y traumas, en el momento de recepción mientras que en los campos de desplazados toma especial importancia el tratamiento de enfermedades crónicas y de patología psicosocial a raíz del cierre de la ruta de los Balcanes.

Conclusiones: Debido a la crisis económica y a un sistema sanitario desigual e ineficaz, Grecia no cuenta con la capacidad necesaria de recepción de población migrante en general ni para las poblaciones especialmente vulnerables como son las mujeres y los menores no acompañados.  El cierre de la ruta de los Balcanes y el acuerdo UE-Turquía ha empeorado la situación.

Citas

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Publicado

30-11-2020

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